Personal Desirability Scale
, 2016) try a personal-declaration level, with 20 items of dichotomous impulse (yes/no), verified towards the age groups within this test. Example things are “Have you detested some one?” and you may “Perhaps you have taken advantage of anybody?” In advance of studies analyses, most of the people was screened to own personal desirability, ruling aside adolescents exactly who obtained more than Meters = , as they shown a propensity to transmit socially common solutions rather than just opting for solutions which might be a true meditation of its behaviors or ideas (Grimm, 2010). Cronbach’s leader to own complete scale are.80.
Teenagers had been expected two questions regarding sexting behaviors: (a) abusive sexting: “Maybe you’ve common sexually direct photographs otherwise clips of almost every other someone rather than the agree?”; and you may (b) abusive sexting victimization: “Has intimately explicit photo or video out-of oneself ever already been common with other people rather than your own concur?.” Responses was ranked while the 0 = No, step one = Yes.
Youngsters Mind Declaration
Youngsters notice report (YSR; Achenbach and you can Rescorla, 2001; Portuguese variation: Goncalves mais aussi al., 2007). This new YSR try a personal-declaration survey designed for university-ages children and you may teens (decades eleven?18) to obtain self-feedback of mental, behavioral, and you may social troubles. Products are rated to the an excellent about three-area scale (0 = not the case, step 1 = slightly or sometimes genuine, and you will dos = best shown or have a tendency to genuine), based on the before half a year. In this study, the fresh syndromes Anxious/Anxiety (thirteen affairs; e.grams., “I believe worthless or substandard”; ? = 0.85), Public Troubles (eleven situations; elizabeth.grams., “I do not get along with almost every other babies”; ? = 0.78), Opposition (Laws Cracking) Decisions (sixteen affairs; age.g., “We cut classes or ignore university”; ? = 0.60), and you may Competitive Choices (17 products; age.grams., “We destroy anything belonging to others”; ? = 0.84) were used. With regards to the conditions recommended from the Ponterotto and Ruckdeschel (2007) about your adequacy away from inner texture methods, and due to the marginal alpha value of Resistance Conclusion subscale (? = 0.60) in addition to number of facts (sixteen facts), https://datingrating.net/escort/santa-maria/ i decided to eradicate this size from mathematical research.
Catalog from Callous-Unemotional Characteristics
List from callous-unemotional attributes [ICU; Essau et al., 2006; Portuguese adaptation because of the Pechorro mais aussi al. (2014)]. This new ICU is a survey built to evaluate callous and unemotional qualities towards good 4-area level between 0 (“Not real”) to three (“Without a doubt true”). That it scale has been used that have scientific and area types of youth ranging from early adolescence in order to late puberty/growing adulthood (a long time = 12–2 decades). Around three subscales were used: Uncaring (7 facts; e.g., “We mask my personal emotions off others”; ? = 0.86), Callousness (11 issues; age.grams., “I do not care who I harm to find the things i want”; ? = 0.72), and you can Unemotional (four affairs; “Personally i think crappy or guilty as i make a move incorrect”; ? = 0.43). Regardless if a decreased property value leader could be because of an excellent reduced number of questions (Nunnally, 1978), i made a decision to eliminate this scale away from relative statistical analysis.
Young people Stress Survey
Youngsters traumatization questionnaire [CTQ; Bernstein ainsi que al., 2003; Portuguese variation by Dias et al. (2013)]. The newest CTQ are a good twenty eight-item questionnaire aimed so you can quantify self-said young people upheaval record when you look at the teenage and you can adult communities (from several yrs old). Solutions are mentioned for the an effective 5-section Likert size function 1 (“Never genuine”) to 5 (“That often genuine”). Youthfulness upheaval was measured having fun with five subscales: Psychological abuse (e.g., “I was thinking you to definitely my mothers wanted I had not ever been created”; ? = 0.81), Emotional overlook (age.g., “I experienced liked”; ? = 0.82), Sexual abuse (age.grams., “In my opinion which i try sexually abused”; ? = 0.89), Real punishment (elizabeth.g., “I do believe that we is actually privately abused”; ? = 0.83), and you may Actual neglect (age.grams., “I don’t have adequate to consume”; ? = 0.60). For every subscale includes four circumstances, and an additional three items are intended to level any interest to reduce or deny the new punishment.